Maritime Directory
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拆船厂

船舶在他们的工作寿命中承受了许多最极端的状况。他们受海水腐蚀,被风浪侵袭,但还要坚持不懈地工作。在这种情况下,船舶就会有一定的使用寿命,其长度根据船舶营运性质、承载货物以及得到的维护而变化。

当船舶达到工作寿命的尽头,他们会被卖到废钢市场,这项工作通常由拆船厂和代表船东的船舶经纪人来安排。因为船是钢铁制造的,所以退役船舶的价格根据世界市场的需要而波动,而目前的废钢价格是历史的高位。

拆船厂接受船舶并将之拆卸,然后会出售废钢供循环使用或销毁处理。船舶的拆解一般在码头、船坞进行,或者在拆卸滑台进行,包括一系列的工作,从移除所有的机械设备到切割和循环使用船体结构等等。直到二十世纪末,拆船工作都是在发达国家的港口城市进行,今天大多数的拆船厂已经搬到发展中国家,特别是孟加拉和印度。

船舶通常含有危险材料,比如含铅的油漆。因而近年来,拆船已成为主要的环保关注点。现在主导拆船市场的有些国家对环境保护的控制力度不够,航运业为了环境保护和工人的健康着想,正在采取措施改变拆船链的现状。
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Recycle

When ships reach the end of their working life, they make just one final journey: to the Ship Breakers. The mass of steel used to make ships still has a great deal of financial value, even after years at sea, allowing the Ship Owner or Operator to recoup some of the huge capital outlay needed for Financing a ship.

Sometimes ships are taken into Dry Docks to be dismantled and recycled, and on other occasions these beasts are run on to the beaches at low tide to be broken down.

Find out more about this emotive and labour intensive part of the industry in this section

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Ship Breakers

Ships are subjected to some of the most extreme conditions over their working lives. They sit in corrosive salt water, are pounded by waves and wind, and aim to be constantly on the move. Under such demands, ships have a definite shelf life the length of which is dependent on a number of variables, such as the trade the ship operates, the cargo the ship carries and the care taken of the ship over its life.

What are they?

Ship Breakers, also known as ship recyclers or demolition yards, is a place where ships go at the end of its life to be broken apart.

What do they do?

They receive a ship and dismantle it section by section, to sell the steel for recycling or for disposal. The deconstruction of a ship could take place at a pier, drydock, or on a dismantling slip, and includes a wide range of activities, from removing all gear and equipment to cutting down and recycling the ship’s structure.

As ships often contain hazardous materials, such as paint with a lead content, ship breaking has become a major environmental concern in recent years. The countries that currently dominate the ship breaking market have relatively low environmental controls and there are moves by the industry to improve the ship breaking chain for the good of the environment and the people employed in the industry.

Interesting Fact

Until the late twentieth century, ship breaking took place in port cities in the developed world, but today most ship breaking takes place in developing countries, particularly in Bangladesh and India.

Further Reading

Ship breaking in Bangladesh